Domestic Violence Research Paper Conclusion
9 CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS | Violence in ...
The problems of child maltreatment, domestic violence, and elder abuse have ...
its overall conclusions and proposes policy and research recommendations.
Domestic Violence Research Paper Conclusion
The effects of proarrest policies may depend on the extent to which victims have access to shelter services and other forms of support, demonstrating the interactive dimensions of community interventions. The problems of child maltreatment, domestic violence, and elder abuse have generated hundreds of separate interventions in social service, health, and law enforcement settings. Reports of mistreated children, domestic violence, and abuse of elderly persons continue to strain the capacity of police, courts, social services agencies, and medical centers.
Child witness programs represent an important development in the evolution of comprehensive approaches to family violence, but they have not yet been evaluated. These fundamental differences obscure identification of outcomes of interest in the development of evaluation studies, which are further complicated by limitations in study design and access to appropriate subjects that are necessary for the conduct of research. The low priority traditionally assigned to the handling of protective orders, which are usually treated as civil matters in police agencies, requires attention, as do the procedural requirements of the legal system.
The interactive nature of family violence interventions constitutes a major challenge to the evaluation of interventions because the presence or absence of policies and programs in one domain may directly affect the implementation and outcomes of interventions in another. Surmounting existing barriers to collaboration between research and practice communities requires policy incentives and leadership to foster partnership efforts. Intensive family preservation services may provide important benefits to the child, family, and community in the form of emergency assistance, improved family functioning, better housing and environmental conditions, and increased collaboration among discrete service systems.
Because they extend to a larger population than those currently served by treatment centers, secondary prevention efforts can be expensive their benefits may not become apparent until many years after the intervention occurs. Greater discretion may be advised when the child and family are able to receive therapeutic treatment from health care or other service providers and when community resources are not available to respond appropriately to their cases. Mandatory reports are seen as a method by which offenders who abuse multiple partners can be identified through the health care community for law enforcement purposes.
Other issues linked to family formation include the use of corporal punishment in child discipline, gender roles, privacy, and strategies for resolving conflict among adults or siblings. A growing research literature has appeared in other fields, particularly in the area of substance abuse and community development, that identifies the conceptual frameworks, data collection, and methodological issues that need to be considered in designing evaluation studies for community-based and systemwide interventions. Court officials should monitor closely the attendance, participation, and completion rates of offenders who are referred to batterer treatment programs in lieu of more punitive sentences.
They should consider the extent to which training programs influence the behavior of agency personnel, including the interaction of service providers with professionals from other institutional settings, their participation in comprehensive community service programs, and the exposure of personal experiences in institutions charged with providing interventions for abuse. A few communities (most notably duluth, minnesota, and quincy, massachusetts) have developed systemwide strategies to coordinate their law enforcement and other service responses to domestic violence. These issues include ways in which the mandatory or voluntary character of reporting and treatment systems influences service provider behavior and institutional practices conditions and factors in the criminal justice system that foster deterrence, especially among individuals who have a history of violent behavior and who have little stake in social conformity psychological, social, and institutional factors that facilitate or inhibit victim use of and perpetrator compliance with protective orders, treatment programs, mental health services, and other interventions in different community settings classification of groups of offenders that can distinguish offenders who use violence only against certain family members from those who pose a general threat to others inside and outside their family and behavioral or cognitive processes associated with natural improvements or spontaneous change (without intervention) in comparison populations of offenders and victims in the different areas of family violence. In some areas, the body of research is sufficient to inform policy choices, program development, evaluation research, data collection, and theory-building the committee makes recommendations for current policies and practices in these areas below. This relatively young area of research has the potential to take the family as the unit of analysis and integrate the largely separate strands of research on child maltreatment, domestic violence, and elder abuse.
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Conclusion Domestic violence is one of the most horrendous kinds of abuse from
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Domestic Violence Research Paper Conclusion
Domestic violence - NCBI - NIH
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Domestic Violence Research Paper Conclusion
Such efforts also need to be responsive to the particular requirements of diverse ethnic communities with special needs or unique resources that can be mobilized in the development of preventive interventions. As such, they highlight important dimensions of family violence that should be addressed in a research agenda for the field.
The documentation of histories of family violence in health records should be designed to record voluntary disclosures by both victims and offenders and to enhance early and coordinated interventions that can provide a therapeutic response to experiences with abuse or neglect. These outcomes may interact to deter and reduce domestic violence in the community, even if a treatment program does not alter the behavior of a particular batterer.
The treatment of adolescents especially requires major consideration of the pros and cons of mandatory reporting requirements. Domestic violence can cause much distress and physical injury, and occasionally death.
Mandatory reporting is thought to enhance early case detection and to increase the likelihood that services will be provided to children in need. Even though relatively few cases of arrest are made for any form of family violence, arrest is the most common and most studied form of law enforcement intervention in this area.
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The tremendous demand for services and the limited availability of staff resources create a pressured environment in which the staff time involved in filling out forms for research purposes is seen as being sacrificed from time that might be used to serve people in need. Only seven program evaluation studies have been published on elder abuse interventions, none of which includes random groups and most of which involve small sample sizes. Ongoing dialogues can guide the identification and development of instruments and methods that can capture the density and distribution of relevant effects that are not well understood. Specialized training efforts may help alleviate the tendency of police officers to arrest both suspect and victim, however, and may alert law enforcement personnel to the need to review both criminal and civil records in determining whether an arrest is advisable in response to a domestic violence case. Service providers and program sponsors have often been skeptical of efforts to evaluate the impact of a selected intervention, knowing that critical or premature assessments could jeopardize the programs future and restrict future opportunities for service delivery.
Court officials should monitor closely the attendance, participation, and completion rates of offenders who are referred to batterer treatment programs in lieu of more punitive sentences. Evaluation research will help program sponsors and managers clarify program goals and experience and identify areas in need of attention because of the difficulties of implementation, the use of resources, and changes in the client base. The effectiveness of family support services (including intensive family preservation and home visitation services) for reducing child and elder maltreatment needs to be studied through the development and critical assessment of models (1) to determine program goals that can be converted to interim and long-term operational measures (especially in the domains of family cooperation and receptivity to services), (2) to examine multiple program outcomes, such as attitudinal changes, improvements in family functioning, environmental issues related to housing and safety, child well-being, and consumer satisfaction, rather than focusing solely on program-specific goals, such as rates of placement or maltreatment, and (3) to clarify program components that appear to contribute directly to positive outcomes and require attention in future certification standards. Conversely, programs that offer only limited effectiveness may appear to be successful on the basis of evaluation studies that did not consider the significant points of vulnerability and limitations in the service design or offer a comparative analysis with the benefits to be derived from routine services. In addition, service providers can help guide researchers in the identification of appropriate domains in which program effects may occur but are currently not being examined.
Although documentation of abuse histories can improve evaluations and lead to integrated service responses, such procedures require safeguards so that individuals are not stigmatized or denied therapeutic services on the basis of their case histories. They address different aspects of child maltreatment, domestic violence, and elder abuse. Today, many shelters have support groups for women residents, support groups for child residents, emergency and transitional housing, and legal and welfare advocacy. Variations in the context in which mental health services are provided for victims of domestic violence (such as isolated services, managed care programs, and services that are incorporated into an array of social support programs, including housing and job counseling) also require attention. Mandatory reports are seen as a method by which offenders who abuse multiple partners can be identified through the health care community for law enforcement purposes. Substance abuse and alcoholism are prime candidates for initiating cross-issue research in family violence studies. Coordinating policy, program, and research agendas will improve family violence interventions. They should consider the extent to which training programs influence the behavior of agency personnel, including the interaction of service providers with professionals from other institutional settings, their participation in comprehensive community service programs, and the exposure of personal experiences in institutions charged with providing interventions for abuse. The social and institutional settings of many interventions present important challenges to the design of systematic scientific evaluations. This research could provide data that would support or contradict the theory that early identification is a useful secondary prevention intervention, especially in areas in which appropriate services may not be available or reliable.This sample research paper on domestic violence features: 7200+ words (26
pages), an outline, APA format in-text citations, and a bibliography ... X. Conclusion ...
Children's exposure to domestic and family violence - Conclusion ...This paper has considered the effects of domestic and family violence on children
. Significant numbers of Australian children experience domestic and family ...
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An intervention should be different enough from existing services that its critical components can be evaluated. These review teams can provide an opportunity to examine the quality of a communitys total approach to child abuse and neglect prevention and treatment. Intensive family preservation services may provide important benefits to the child, family, and community in the form of emergency assistance, improved family functioning, better housing and environmental conditions, and increased collaboration among discrete service systems. The benefits of specific programs need to be compared with integrated service systems that are designed to foster the well-being of the elderly population without regard to special circumstances Buy now Domestic Violence Research Paper Conclusion
Coordinating policy, program, and research agendas will improve family violence interventions. The attraction of collaborative strategies is based on their potential ability to establish multiple interactions with offenders across a large domain of interactions that reinforce social standards in the community and establish penalties for violations of those standards. Richer knowledge of the complex origins and ramifications of family violence has called attention to the need for research that can examine ways in which family violence contributes to, and is influenced by, health and other social problems. What is more important is that the intervention is able to meet the preconditions for experimentation that are described in the other principles outlined below Domestic Violence Research Paper Conclusion Buy now
The dependent status of young children and some elders provides a stronger argument in favor of retaining mandatory reporting requirements where they do exist. Evaluations of their effectiveness therefore need to consider the institutional culture and resource base that influence the implementation of the training program and the abilities of service providers to apply their knowledge and skills in meeting the needs of their clients. The interactive nature of family violence interventions constitutes a major challenge to the evaluation of interventions because the presence or absence of policies and programs in one domain may directly affect the implementation and outcomes of interventions in another Buy Domestic Violence Research Paper Conclusion at a discount
Prior to the evaluation study, key aspects of usual care must be described so that the effects of the intervention can be measured. The knowledge base can be improved by (1) framing key hypotheses that can be tested by existing or new services, (2) building statistical models to explore the system-wide effects of selected interventions and compare these effects with the consequences of collaborative and comprehensive approaches, (3) using common definitions and measures to facilitate comparisons across individual studies, (4) using appropriate comparison and control groups in evaluation studies, including random assignment, when possible, (5) developing culturally sensitive research designs and measures, (6) identifying relevant outcomes in the assessment of selected interventions, and (7) developing alternative designs when traditional design methodology cannot be used for legal, ethical, or practical reasons Buy Online Domestic Violence Research Paper Conclusion
Measures of health, safety, and well-being should be included in evaluations of intensive family preservation services to determine their impact on childrens outcomes as well as placement rates and levels of family functioning, including evidence of recurrence of abuse of the child or other family members. Early detection of child maltreatment, spousal violence, and elder abuse is believed to lead to an infusion of treatment and preventive services that can reduce exposure to harm, mitigate the negative consequences of abuse and neglect, improve health outcomes, and reduce the need for future health services. The individual victim or offender is the focus of most interventions and the unit of analysis in evaluation studies, rather than the family or the community in which the violence occurred Buy Domestic Violence Research Paper Conclusion Online at a discount
Three major issues challenge effective interventions in this area the degree of dependence between perpetrators and victims, restricted social services budgets, general public distrust of social welfare programs, and the relationship between judgments about competence and the application of the principles of self-determination and privacy to the problem of elder abuse. For domestic violence, mandatory reporting requirements for professional groups like health care providers have been adopted by the state of california and are under consideration in several other states. In-depth case studies and interviews with victims who have had police and court contacts because of domestic violence are needed to highlight individual, social, and institutional factors that facilitate or inhibit victim use of and perpetrator compliance with protective orders in different community settings Domestic Violence Research Paper Conclusion For Sale
Such practices by themselves can neither be recommended nor rejected as effective measures in addressing domestic violence on the basis of existing research studies. This relatively young area of research has the potential to take the family as the unit of analysis and integrate the largely separate strands of research on child maltreatment, domestic violence, and elder abuse. Research measures that can assess these changes over time also need to be in place prior to the initiation of an evaluation, so that appropriate data can be collected and critical pathways can be explored in areas in which long-term results may not be easily obtained. I cannot even describe how much course hero helped me this summer For Sale Domestic Violence Research Paper Conclusion
These challenges require close attention to the emerging knowledge associated with the evaluation of comprehensive community-wide interventions in areas unrelated to family violence, so that important design, theory, and measurement insights can be applied to the special needs of programs focused on child maltreatment, domestic violence, and elder abuse. Court officials should monitor closely the attendance, participation, and completion rates of offenders who are referred to batterer treatment programs in lieu of more punitive sentences. However, the effectiveness of reporting requirements depends on the availability of resources and service personnel who can investigate reports and refer cases for appropriate treatment, as well as clear guidelines for processing reports and determining which cases qualify for services Sale Domestic Violence Research Paper Conclusion
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